A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection, bacterial or viral, that can be passed from one person to another during sexual contact.
This can include :
- Oral-genital contact
- Even sexual contact with toys such as dildoes and vibrators
STI’s are usually spread through bodily fluids such as:
- Vaginal secretions
- Some can be passed on through skin to skin contact
Some of the STI’s will stay local to where the contact was, this includes STI’s such as:
If you perform oral sex on someone who has gonorrhoea in the genitals, you can get it in the throat, and vice versa. These STI’s need very little encouragement to pass between individuals and can be transmitted even if the sexual contact was not prolonged. Because the infection will be limited to the area of contact it means symptoms, if you develop them, are localised to the contact site.
If you think you have symptoms of an STI its best to seek advice immediately and to abstain from sexual intercourse, including oral sex until you have seen a doctor.
Condoms will offer protection against most STI’s. However, condoms do not always protect against HPV/genital warts and Herpes infection.