Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the biggest cause of death in the UK with around 94000 deaths annually. It is the cause of death in about one in five men, and one in seven women.
The most common presenting symptom of CHD is angina. Angina is a central chest pain brought on by the heart muscle not getting enough oxygen. This usually happens when the blood supply to the heart is compromised, usually because of fatty deposits (atheroma) in the arteries a process known as atherosclerosis. This causes a narrowing of the arteries with less blood supply and consequently angina symptoms.
If the artery gets blocked completely it shuts off the blood supply to the heart and causes a heart attack (myocardial infarction).
According to Medical News TODAY, risk for heat attack more likely to be inherited thank risk for stroke.
Coronary heart disease risk factors
There are several risk factors for developing CHD. These include:
- Advancing age
- Male gender
- Diet/high cholesterol
- Lack of exercise
Family history and more.
Coronary heart disease prevention
However it is possible to reduce your risk of developing future cardiac disease by taking a few simple steps such as:
- Eating a healthy, balanced and low fat diet
- Only drinking small amounts of alcohol
- Increased cardiovascular exercise
- Regular checks on your blood pressure
- Having Cardiac screening to establish your risk
- Have your blood tested for cholesterol and reducing it if to high
- Check your family history and if there is a strong history of cardiac problems look at lifestyle changes
Cardiac health screening
At samedaydoctor we provide screening for cardiac disease and general health screening.
The screening includes:
- A discussion of your symptoms to see if they might be cardiac in origin
- We will evaluate your risk factors
- We will perform a physical examination with blood pressure check
- We will perform a cardiovascular risk profile blood screen
- We will perfom an ECG that looks at the current state of your heart
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When we have all the results we can give you an estimated cardiac risk score and offer advice on reducing your risk if it is elevated or refer you to a cardiologist for more intensive investigations. The screening only takes 30 minutes.